Year: 2019 | Month: April | Volume 9 | Issue 2
No Association of Prolactin Receptor (PRLR) Gene and litter size in Gaddi Goat Breed Reared under Migratory System in Western Himalayan Ranges of Himachal Pradesh
Gaddi is the predominant Indian goat breed also known as “White Himalayan goat”, constituting 60-65% of total goats in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The polymorphism of prolactin receptor (PRLR) gene was found to have relationship with prolificacy in goats. In present study, polymorphism of intron 2 region of PRLR gene was investigated in Gaddi goats (n = 89) using PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing approach. PCR-SSCP assay of 176 bp amplicon of intron 2 region of PRLR gene revealed polymorphism with three types of genotypes viz., AA, AB and BB with genotypic frequencies as 0.31, 0.55 and 0.14, respectively. The allelic frequency of alleles A and B were 0.59 and 0.41, respectively in all the screened goat population. Genetic diversity analysis revealed the value of Ne, Hobs, Hexp and PIC were 1.96, 0.52, 0.49 and 0.37, respectively. The Ne and Hobs values also indicated that sufficient genetic variation exists at the studied locus. FIS estimate was observed as -0.15 indicating heterozygous excess at studied locus. DNA sequencing of amplified product revealed one nucleotide mutation (T92C) in intron 2 region of PRLR gene. The mean litter size in AA, AB and AB genotypes were 1.27±0.12, 1.41±0.09 and 1.84±0.26, respectively. No significant (P>0.05) associations of PRLR genotypes with litter size were observed. Effect of season and parity were also found to be non-significant (P>0.05) on litter size. Consequently, the study on additional data based on more number of animals in diversified flock should be carried out for future association studies.
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