Year: 2022 | Month: October | Volume 12 | Issue 5

Effect of Phytogenic Feed Mixture on Blood Hematology, Metabolites, Enzymes and Lipids in Broilers

Pooja Singh Neeraj Ramesh Pandey Amit Kumar Singh
DOI:10.30954/2277-940X.05.2022.13

Abstract:

Phytogenic feed additives have been used traditionally in medicine preparations and in the preparation of culinary food dishes. However, in recent years it has attracted researchers for their use as feed additives in broilers. This study was organized to access the effect of dietary supplementation of phytogenic mixture containing powder of Allium sativum bulbs, Ocimum sanctum leaves and Nigella sativa seeds in 1:1:1 ratio. For this study, three comparable groups were formed viz. control (non supplementation), T1 (supplementation @0.25%) and T2 (supplementation @0.50%). A total of 48 broiler chicks were randomly distributed in three groups, each group containing 16 chicks of same strain and body weight. The experiment lasted for a period of 28 days. Statistical analysis of data revealed a significant (P<0.001) change in blood lipid profile of three groups. T1 and T2 groups had significantly lower (P<0.001) levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and Non-HDL cholesterols (P = 0.05). However, a non-significant (P>0.05) difference among three groups on blood hematology (Hemoglobin, WBC, RBC, PCV and Platelet count) was observed. Study showed that there was statistically similar (P>0.05) concentrations of blood metabolites (Glucose, Total protein, Albumin, Globulin) and statistically similar (P>0.05) levels of blood enzyme (Bilirubin, serum AST, serum ALT and serum ALP) among three groups. Based on the findings of this study, conclusively, it can be said that dietary supplementation of phytogenic mixture containing powder of Allium sativum bulbs, Ocimum sanctum leaves and Nigella sativa seeds in 1:1:1 ratio may favorably lower the levels of blood lipid without adversely affecting the normal physiology of broilers.

Highlights

  • Phytogenic mixture improves physiological working of broilers.
  • Phytogenic mixture feeding lowered blood cholesterol in broilers.
  • Phytogenic mixture didn’t affect hematology, metabolites and enzymes levels.


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